US History II - Unit III - America in the '20s & '30s

The 1920s, The Great Depression & The New Deal


UbD Template 2.0
Stage 1 Desired Results
ESTABLISHED GOALS G
USII.10 Describe how the battle between traditionalism and modernity manifested itself in the major historical trends and events after World War I and throughout the 1920s. (H)

  1. the Boston police strike in 1919
  2. the Red Scare and Sacco and Vanzetti
  3. racial and ethnic tensions
  4. the Scopes Trial and the debate over Darwin’s On the Origins of Species
  5. Prohibition

USII.11 Describe the various causes and consequences of the global depression of the 1930s, and analyze how Americans responded to the Great Depression. (H, E)

  1. restrictive monetary policies
  2. unemployment
  3. support for political and economic reform
  4. the influence of the ideas of John Maynard Keynes, and the critique of centralized economic planning and management by Ludwig von Mises, Friedrich von Hayek, and Milton Friedman

USII.12 Analyze the important policies, institutions, and personalities of the New Deal era. (H)

People
  1. President Herbert Hoover
  2. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  3. Eleanor Roosevelt
  4. Huey Long
  5. Charles Coughlin

Policies
the establishment of
  1. the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  2. the Securities and Exchange Commission
  3. the Tennessee Valley Authority
  4. the Social Security Act
  5. the National Labor Relations Act
  6. the Works Progress Administration
  7. the Fair Labor Standards Act

Institutions
  1. the American Federation of Labor
  2. the Congress of Industrial Organizations
  3. the American Communist Party

USII.13 Explain how the Great Depression and the New Deal affected American society. (H)

  1. the increased importance of the federal government in establishing economic and social policies
  2. the emergence of a “New Deal coalition” consisting of African Americans, blue-collar workers, poor farmers, Jews, and Catholics
Transfer
Students will be able to independently use their learning to…
*analyze social and political changes to develop their own ideologies.
Meaning
UNDERSTANDINGS
Students will understand that…
*There is a virtually constant tension in America between progressive ideas and traditional values.
*Divisions of American society by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic class often lead to conflict.
*Banks and the stock market play vital roles in the American economy.
*Consumers and investors must evaluate the risk involved in their economic transactions.
*There is an unresolved debate about the impact the government can have on the cyclical nature of a free-market economy.
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
*Do movements away from traditional values have a positive impact on society?
*To what extent should the government be involved in economic practices?
*What is the appropriate role for government in citizens' lives?
Acquisition
Students will know…
*The 1920s was a decade of peace, prosperity, social change, and cultural conflict.
*The fear of communism and its potential spread to the United States, The Red Scare, occurred in response to the 1917 communist revolution in Russia.
*The Red Scare triggered a larger fear of foreigners and anti-American activists.
*There was widespread post-war labor unrest, including over 3,000 strikes involving over 4 million workers nationwide.
*In the early 20th century, thousands of African-Americans left the southern United States to escape racial discrimination and pursue jobs in northern cities.
*In the 1920s, many Americans began using credit to buy new consumers products and invest in the stock market.
*A slow down in consumer demand along with investor panic led to a stock market crash that set into motion an economic crisis known as the Great Depression.
*The Great Depression lasted the decade of the 1930s and was characterized by bank, farm, and business failures, extremely high unemployment, homelessness, a lack of consumer confidence, and a slowdown in global trade.
*Presidents Herbert Hoover and Franklin Delano Roosevelt had vastly different ideas about the role of the federal government in America.
*Eleanor Roosevelt revolutionized the role of First Lady by bringing to the forefront certain social issues and by traveling the country as a representative of her husband.
*The New Deal was the Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration's attempt to use government programs to lift the country out of the Great Depression and create a system to avoid future collapses of the economy.
*There were critics of the New Deal on the left and the right, some of whom believed that it did not go far enough and others who believed in went too far.
*The effectiveness of the New Deal is still being debated today, but the legacies are clearly seen in programs that have remained in existence, such as Social Security.
*The end of the Great Depression occurred due to the industrial manufacturing boom brought about by the onset of World War II.
*Key terms: Boston Police Strike, Red Scare, communism, Sacco and Vanzetti, Scopes Trial, assembly line, flapper, jazz, prohibition, Great Migration, buying on margin, credit, Herbert Hoover, Black Tuesday, Great Depression, foreclosure, Dust Bowl, Hooverville, Hoover Dam, Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR), Eleanor Roosevelt, New Deal, Social Security, FDIC, SEC, TVA, WPA, National Labor Relations Act, Fair Labor Standards Act, Black Cabinet
Students will be skilled at…
*analyzing primary source documents
*using historical evidence to make an informed argument
Stage 2 - Evidence
Evaluative Criteria
Assessment Evidence
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TRANSFER TASK(S): TT
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OTHER EVIDENCE: OE
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Stage 3 – Learning Plan
Summary of Key Learning Events and Instruction

*2-col notes p.631-3 The New Consumer & Weaknesses in the Economy

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